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Maroon Day 2011 Paramaribo Suriname

The Maroons celebrated their own national holiday first time today. Suriname Government in February 2011 declared that October 10th is the National Day of the Maroons, to commemorate the peace accord that freedom-fighting runaway slaves signed with colonizers on October 10th 1760.

Wreaths laying ceremony held at the 10 October Square, located at the corner of Johan Adolf Pengel and Henck Arron streets.

Captains (capitan in locally) and elder guests managed the traditional ceremony all together. The green tamarind tree behind them were full with sad memories. Slaves were executed by hanging its branches before slavery period end.

Then an older lady arrived with lots of papers, letters, agreements, photos from 1900s.

Series of photographs are from wreaths laying ceremony at the 10 October Square. Of course the country, all other cities were full with different celebrations and ceremonies. This year’s celebrations are taking place at Santigron, a multi-tribe Maroon village in District Sipaliwini, south of Paramaribo.

Hope you like it. All the best,

Here are some more information about Maroon (people)

Maroon (people) : Maroons (from the word marronage or American / Spanish cimarrĂ³n: “fugitive, runaway”, lit. “living on mountaintops”; from Spanish cima: “top, summit”) were runaway slaves in the West Indies, Central America, South America, and North America, who formed independent settlements together. The same designation has also become a derivation for the verb marooning.

Maroon (people) in French Guiana and Suriname : Escaped slaves in French Guiana and Suriname fled to the interior and joined with indigenous peoples and created several independent tribes, among them the Saramaka, the Paramaka, the Ndyuka (Aukan), the Kwinti, the Aluku (Boni), and the Matawai. By the 1990s the maroons in Suriname had begun to fight for their land rights.

Slavery and emancipation in Suriname : In South America, slavery was the norm. The native people proved to be in limited supply and consequently people from Africa were imported as slaves to work on the plantations. The plantations were producing sugar, coffee, cocoa, cotton and were exported for the Amsterdam market. In 1713 for instance most of the work on the 200 plantations was done by 13,000 African slaves. Their treatment was bad, and slaves have escaped to the jungle from the start. These Maroons (also known as “Djukas” or “Bakabusi Nengre”) attacked the plantations in order to acquire goods that were in short supply and to find themselves women. Notable leaders of the Suriname Maroons were Alabi, Boni, Joli-coeur and Broos (Captain Broos). In the 18th century, three of the Maroon people signed a peace treaty, similar to the peace treaty in Jamaica whereby these people were recognized as free people and where they received a yearly tribute that provided them with the goods they used to “liberate” from the plantations. A contemporary description of the war between the Maroons and the plantation owners in Suriname can be found in Narrative of a Five Years Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Suriname by John Gabriel Stedman.

Suriname was occupied by the British in 1799, after the Netherlands were incorporated by France, and was returned to the Dutch in 1816, after the defeat of Napoleon. The Dutch abolished slavery only in 1863; although the British had already abolished it during their short rule. The slaves were, however, not released until 1873; up to that date they conducted obligatory but paid work at the plantations. In the meantime, many more workers had been imported from the Dutch East Indies, mostly Chinese inhabitants of that colony. After 1873, many Indian laborers where imported from India. This emigration was ended by Mohandas Gandhi in 1916. After that date, many laborers were again imported from the Dutch East Indies, especially Java.

In the 20th century, the natural resources of Suriname, rubber, gold and bauxite were exploited. The US company Alcoa had a claim on a large area in Suriname where bauxite, from which aluminum can be made, was found. Given that the peace treaties with the Maroon people granted them title to the lands, there have been international court cases that negated the right of the Suriname government to grant these claims.[clarification needed] On November 23, 1941, under an agreement with the Netherlands government-in-exile, the United States occupied Dutch Guiana to protect the bauxite mines.

Source(s) : Wikipedia

Ertugrul Kilic — 10 October 2011, 21:47

Comment

  1. Awesome photos! I will be sure to incule a link to this page on my posting on Maroon Day 2011 for Abeng Central.

    Anouska · 11 October 2011, 10:54 · #

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